What are the Basic Principles of Ayurveda ?
According to a notified scholar of Ayurveda – Sushrut “A healthy person, is one whose doshas are in balance, appetite is good, all tissues of the body and all natural urges are functioning properly, and whose mind, body and spirit are cheerful...”
Ayurveda is based on believe that the universe is made up of five elements: air, fire, water, earth and ether that are represented in humans by three "doshas", or energies: Vata, Pitta and Kapha. A complete balance of all these doshas is mandatory for health of an individual. Every individual has a distinct balance, and the health and well being of an individual depend on right balance of the three doshas ("tridoshas"). When any of the doshas accumulate in the body beyond the desirable limit, the body loses its balance. Because these five elements exist in us and in nature as well, our doshas can become aggravated or imbalanced due to inappropriate or inadequate diet, change of seasons, climate or lifestyle, and result in disease in the body. The imbalance of doshas can be determined by examination of ones eyes, nails, tongue, skin, voice, and pulse diagnosis. Ayurveda suggests specific lifestyle and nutritional guidelines to help individuals reduce the excess dosha.
Ayurveda also describes three primary qualities of Nature, or gunas, called Sattva (equilibrium, evolution, intelligence), Rajas (activity, agitation) and Tamas (inertia). These inner qualities are considered essential for the creation of all things in the material universe. These are also known as the "mental doshas" as they describe the qualities and activities of the mind. The balance between these gunas - Sattva, Rajas and Tamas is always desirable because if imbalanced they can result in a restless, agitated or dull mind, which can result in imbalance of Vata, Pitta and Kapha, leading to various ailments.